Author: José Luiz de Morais

Publisher: Habilis Press Editora

Category: Archeology


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“The use of lithological outcrops by Brazilian Prehistoric Man - analysis of the raw material treatment” addresses an ever present theme in Brazilian Archaeology: the reading and analysis of lithic materials as archaeological document for interpreting the ways of life of components people of the regional systems of hunter-gatherers. In fact, the study of lithic materials is vital to the understanding of the oldest occupations, especially considering the humid tropical environment and the characteristics of the Brazilian soil, that have preserved few of the daily evidence of the remote past. Elaborated by José Luiz de Morais in 1980 as a doctoral dissertation, it is contemporary of the dissertations by Águeda Vilhena-Vialou (1980) and Solange Bezerra Caldarelli (1983). At that time, the presentation of these three degree studies innovated to propose new approaches in the analysis of lithic materials from Brazilian hunter-gatherers. Fully inserted in the period scenario, they are texts heavily inspired by French techno typological studies related to understanding the operative chain of production of lithic artifacts. Morais’ work is organized into four chapters. The first two refer to Camargo site, located in Piraju - SP, multicomponencial archaeological record consists of four layers: the bottom two correspond to seasonal occupations of hunter-gatherers of the Umbu regional system; the last two correspond to archaeological remnants of camps of the Guarani regional system (it should be noted that at the time of the elaboration of his dissertation, the author had not yet proposed the definition and identification of regional systems of settlement). Chapter III refers to lithic materials produced in silex and quartz; case studies come from Caiuby site, located in Santa Bárbara d’Oeste - SP (ailex) and from Camboinhas sambaqui, located in Niterói - RJ (quartz). In his final considerations, Morais reiterates the principles that guided the studies that led to his dissertation: the use of appropriate bibliographic support to the goals, execution of field work supported by appropriate methodology and techniques to the needs of techno typological analysis, the routing of exhaustive laboratory work, guided by parameters fitted of the operational chain reading and, finally, conducting experiments of chipping with the production of experimental pieces as a recognition factor of the technicalities and control of the observations piece by piece.

ISBN: 978-85-60967-06-3

Length: 21 cm

Width: 14 cm

Weigth: 0,332 kg

Number of pages: 228